Campbell County has a Board of Supervisors / County Administrator form of government. This complies with the Code of Virginia, which dictates that each county in the Commonwealth be governed by a board of supervisors elected by qualified voters. The Campbell County Board of Supervisors is composed of one member from each of its seven election districts. Board members are elected for four-year terms, which are staggered. Elections are held in November of odd numbered years.
The Board is responsible for establishing personnel policies, making land use decisions, creating growth and development policies, setting tax rates and operational policies, and reviewing and adopting the County's operational and capital budgets which set spending priorities.
The County Administrator is the Board's agent, responsible for implementing these policies and priorities on a daily basis.
Section 4 of the Virginia Constitution establishes the constitutional offices of Treasurer, Sheriff, Commonwealth's Attorney, Clerk of the Court, and Commissioner of the Revenue to be elected within each city and county in Virginia.
Altavista and Brookneal
The towns of Altavista and Brookneal have a Town Council form of government, consisting of a mayor and six council members.
Each town council appoints a town manager to oversee daily operations.
Campbell County is represented in the Virginia General Assembly by the following:
- Sen. Frank M. Ruff Jr., 15th District
- Sen. Steven D. Newman, 8th District
- Del. Kathy J. Byron, 52nd District
- Del. Matt Fariss, 51st District